Comprehensive Guide to Problem-Solution Essay Writing

In academic writing, problem solution essays are a common assignment for students. These essays require students to identify a particular problem, propose a solution, and support their ideas with evidence and analysis.

Though the concept of a problem-solution essay might appear simple, many students grapple with organizing their thoughts, crafting a persuasive argument, and presenting their information in a coherent and compelling manner. To address these challenges, we have developed a comprehensive guide on problem-solution essay writing, offering step-by-step instructions and expert advice to help you create an impactful and effective problem-solution essay.

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Main Characteristics of a Problem-Solution Essay

A problem-solution essay is a type of academic writing that identifies a specific problem and proposes one or more viable solutions to address it. This essay genre is particularly useful in developing critical thinking, analytical, and persuasive skills. Below are the main characteristics of problem-solution essays:

  • Clear and focused problem statement: The essay should begin with a clear and concise statement of the problem to be addressed. This statement should explain the issue’s significance and provide context for the reader. A well-defined problem statement sets the stage for the rest of the essay and serves as a roadmap for the discussion.
  • Thorough research and evidence: The essay should be based on thorough research to comprehensively understand the problem and support the proposed solution(s). This includes the use of relevant facts, statistics, case studies, and expert opinions. Credible sources should be cited to demonstrate the legitimacy of the information presented.
  • Logical structure: A problem-solution essay should follow a logical structure, typically consisting of an introduction, a problem description, a solution proposal, and a conclusion. This structure allows the writer to systematically present information, making it easier for the reader to follow the argument.
  • Proposed solution(s): The core of the essay is the proposal of one or more solutions to the problem. These solutions should be feasible, practical, and supported by evidence. They should address the underlying causes of the problem and demonstrate the potential for positive outcomes. Each solution should be analyzed in terms of its pros and cons and any potential obstacles to implementation.
  • Persuasive argument: The writer must effectively convince the reader that the proposed solution(s) is the best course of action. This requires the use of persuasive language, well-reasoned arguments, and evidence-based analysis. The essay should engage the reader’s emotions and intellect, making them more likely to support the proposed solution(s).
  • Call to action: Problem-solution essays should conclude with a call to action that encourages the reader to take steps towards implementing the proposed solution(s) or to explore the issue further. This can involve suggesting specific actions, raising awareness, or advocating for policy changes.
  • Clear and concise language: The essay should be written using clear and concise language that is easily understood by the reader. Jargon and overly complex language should be avoided. The essay should be well-organized, with coherent paragraphs and smooth transitions between ideas.

How to Write Problem-Solution Essays

Choose a topic

The first step in writing a problem-solution essay is choosing a topic. The topic should usually be a social issue you are passionate about and have a solution to be implemented. Your topic can be a local, national, or global issue. Here are some problem-solution essay topics:

  1. The problem of homelessness in urban areas and proposed solutions to assist college students struggling with housing insecurity.
  2. The issue of gun control and strategies to address gun violence on college campuses, ensuring the safety of young people.
  3. The challenge of maintaining healthy family relationships in the modern world, with a focus on the impact of college education and potential solutions to strengthen family bonds.
  4. The problem of social media addiction among students and ways to minimize its negative impacts on class attendance.
  5. The issue of protecting endangered species and potential solutions to prevent their extinction, with an emphasis on promoting environmental awareness within educational institutions.
  6. The challenge of reducing carbon emissions on campuses and ways to mitigate climate change through sustainable practices and policies.
  7. The problem of low literacy rates in underprivileged communities and proposed solutions to improve them, such as educational outreach programs and tutoring services.
  8. The issue of cyberbullying among teenagers, with a focus on potential solutions to prevent it and promote positive body image and mental health.
  9. The challenge of reducing traffic congestion in cities surrounding campuses and potential solutions to ease it, such as improved public transportation and carpooling initiatives.
  10. The problem of income inequality and its impact on education, with proposed solutions to reduce it and create more accessible educational opportunities for all.


After receiving your essay prompt, the next crucial step is to conduct in-depth research on the problem. Utilize a variety of reliable sources, such as academic books, peer-reviewed journals, reputable articles, and authoritative websites, to collect comprehensive information on the issue. Always prioritize using credible sources to guarantee the accuracy and legitimacy of the information you gather.

Define the problem

Accurately defining the problem is a critical step in writing problem-solution essays. It establishes the foundation for the entire essay and provides context for the proposed solution. To define the problem effectively, you must explain the issue and its impact on those affected. Supporting your claims with concrete examples and data is essential.

One helpful approach involves asking questions to determine the problem’s scope and influence. Who is affected by the problem? What are its consequences? How widespread is the issue? Has the problem worsened over time? Addressing these questions can enhance your understanding of the problem and emphasize its significance.

Moreover, it is crucial to articulate why the problem warrants a solution. This may involve discussing its impact on people’s lives, the economic cost of the issue, or the ethical implications of allowing the problem to persist. A persuasive explanation of the problem’s urgency and importance strengthens the case for your proposed solution.

Additionally, it is vital to consider various perspectives on the problem. What do experts say about the issue? How do different stakeholders perceive it? Are there potential conflicts or trade-offs involved in solving the problem? Examining diverse viewpoints aids in identifying the most effective and feasible solution.

In summary, defining the problem demands thorough analysis and research. A clear and comprehensive definition of the problem equips you to develop a persuasive and effective solution.

Propose a solution

Once you have clearly defined the problem, the subsequent step involves proposing a well-researched solution that addresses the root cause of the issue. To convincingly present your solution, you must provide evidence demonstrating its effectiveness and outlining a practical implementation strategy.

Develop a plan of action

Once you have proposed a well-researched solution, the next step is developing a comprehensive action plan. This plan should outline the steps needed to implement the solution effectively, ensuring it is realistic and achievable. To create a successful plan of action, consider the following key elements:

  1. Identifying Key Stakeholders: Determine the individuals, organizations, or groups responsible for implementing the solution. Understanding the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder facilitates collaboration and ensures the smooth execution of the plan.
  2. Setting Achievable Goals: Establish clear, measurable, and attainable goals related to the solution. These goals should be time-bound and directly address the problem’s root cause. Defining milestones and monitoring progress throughout implementation can help maintain focus and momentum.
  3. Establishing a Timeline: Create a realistic timeline for implementing the solution, considering potential obstacles and setbacks. Break down the plan into smaller, manageable tasks with deadlines to ensure timely progress.
  4. Allocating Resources: Assess the financial, human, and material resources necessary for the solution’s implementation. Consider potential funding sources, partnerships, or support from relevant organizations to secure the required resources.
  5. Identifying Potential Challenges: Anticipate and address potential challenges or barriers that may arise during the implementation process. Develop contingency plans and alternative strategies to minimize disruptions and maintain progress toward the solution.
  6. Monitoring and Evaluation: Establish a system for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the solution once it is implemented. This includes setting performance indicators, collecting data, and conducting regular assessments to measure the solution’s impact and identify areas for improvement.

Action Plan Example: Reducing Plastic Waste on College Campuses

Problem: Excessive plastic waste generated on college campuses contributes to environmental pollution and negatively impacts the surrounding ecosystem.

Solution: Implement a comprehensive plastic waste reduction program on college campuses involving reusable materials and promoting sustainable practices among students and staff.

  1. Key Stakeholders: College administrators, campus facility managers, student organizations, and individual students and staff members. Collaboration between all these stakeholders is crucial for the success of the plastic waste reduction program.
  2. Achievable Goals: Reducing plastic waste on campus by 50% within two years. Monitor progress by regularly measuring the amount of plastic waste generated and comparing it to baseline data.
  3. Timeline: Launching an awareness campaign within the first three months, implementing reusable alternatives in dining facilities within six months, and achieving the waste reduction goal within two years.
  4. Resources: Funding for reusable materials, educational materials, and promotional campaigns. Seek potential funding sources such as grants, donations, or partnerships with environmentally conscious organizations.
  5. Potential Challenges: Resistance to change, financial constraints, or logistical issues in implementing reusable materials. Develop contingency plans to address these challenges, such as offering incentives for adopting sustainable practices or seeking alternative funding sources.
  6. Monitoring and Evaluation: Performance indicators such as the amount of plastic waste reduced, the number of reusable materials distributed, and the level of student and staff engagement. Regularly collect data and conduct assessments to measure the program’s impact and identify areas for improvement.

By incorporating these elements into your plan of action, you can ensure a well-organized, realistic, and achievable strategy for implementing the proposed solution. A solid plan of action strengthens your problem-solution essay and demonstrates your understanding of the complexities involved in addressing the issue at hand.

Write the essay

The final step in writing a compelling problem-solution essay is to write the essay itself. To ensure a coherent and well-structured piece, the essay should follow a specific structure consisting of an introduction, body, and conclusion. Here’s a breakdown of each section:

  1. Introduction: Begin your essay by introducing the problem and providing relevant background information. The introduction should engage the reader, clearly outline the problem, and convey its significance. A strong thesis statement should be included, summarizing the problem and the proposed solution.
  2. Body: The body of your essay should be divided into three main parts:
    1. Presenting the Problem: In this section, delve into the details of the problem, providing concrete examples and data to support your claims. Discuss the problem’s scope, impact, and consequences, and consider different perspectives on the issue.
    2. Proposing a Solution: Introduce your well-researched solution, ensuring it addresses the root cause of the problem. Provide evidence to support your proposed solution and explain how it can be effectively implemented.
    3. Developing a Plan of Action: Outline a comprehensive action plan that details the steps required for successful implementation. Consider key stakeholders, achievable goals, timelines, resource allocation, potential challenges, and monitoring and evaluation strategies.
  3. Conclusion: In your conclusion, summarize the problem and the proposed solution, reiterating their significance. Emphasize the importance of taking action to address the problem and the potential positive outcomes that can result from implementing the proposed solution. A compelling conclusion should leave the reader with a sense of urgency and motivation to contribute to solving the issue.

By following this structure and carefully developing each section, you will create a well-organized and persuasive problem-solution essay that effectively presents the problem, proposes a viable solution, and outlines a realistic plan of action.

Essay Example

Cybersecurity Problem-Solution Essay by Georges Junior Naddaf


Overall, this problem-solution essay effectively addresses the issue of cybercrime and proposes a multifaceted solution. Here are some strengths and areas for improvement:


  1. The essay provides a clear context and background on the issue of cybercrime, highlighting its prevalence and the challenges it poses.
  2. It proposes a comprehensive solution that includes changing cybersecurity legislation, addressing cyber-supply-chain security, promoting cyber-self-defense, and raising awareness through education and training.
  3. The essay includes specific examples and data to support its arguments, which lends credibility to the discussion.

Areas for improvement:

  1. Some sentences are quite long and could be broken down into shorter, more digestible statements. This would improve readability and make the essay more accessible.
  2. The essay could benefit from further proofreading to correct minor grammatical and punctuation errors.


How long should a problem-solution essay be?

A problem-solution essay should typically be at least 1000 words long. However, the length may vary depending on the problem’s complexity, the analysis’s depth, and the assignment’s requirements. Always consult your instructor’s guidelines for specific word count expectations.

Can I propose more than one solution to the problem?

Yes, you can propose multiple solutions to the problem. However, ensuring that each solution is well-researched, feasible, and distinct from the others is crucial. Analyzing the pros and cons of each proposed solution can strengthen your argument.

Can I use personal experiences in a problem-solution essay?

While you can incorporate personal experiences in a problem-solution essay, it is important to remember that this type of essay relies primarily on research and evidence-based analysis. Personal experiences can add a personal touch and make the essay more relatable, but they should be used sparingly and complement the overall argument.

Is it necessary to provide evidence to support the proposed solution?

Yes, it is essential to provide evidence to support the proposed solution. Providing credible sources, such as research studies, expert opinions, and relevant examples, will demonstrate the legitimacy of the solution and persuade the reader that it is well-researched and feasible.

Can I include statistics in a problem-solution essay?

Yes, including statistics in a problem-solution essay is encouraged, as they provide quantifiable evidence to support your argument. Ensure that the statistics are relevant, up-to-date, and derived from credible sources. Cite the sources properly to maintain academic integrity.

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